From Wikitech


cert-manager adds (besides others) a Certificate CRD to the Kubernetes clusters which automates obtaining and renewing of TLS certificates. A so called Issuer component, the cfssl-issuer is used as a bridge to our PKI which does the actual signing.


All components are installed to clusters using the install_cert_manager toggle in helmfile.d/admin_ng/helmfile.yaml


While cert-manager is deployed with default config, cluster operators need to provide at least one CFSSL ClusterIssuer/Issuer object that defines URL, credentials and configuration of the PKI server as well as which label (CFSSL wording for intermediate CA) and signing profile/policy to use.

This is all taken care of by the cfssl-issuer helm-chart. By default it will use the discovery label/intermediate and the k8s profile (which is, apart from the auth key, equal to the default server profile. See the PKI docs for details). For staging clusters the profile k8s_staging should be used which limits the certificates to 24h expiry.

If you add another profile for a new cluster, remember to file a change like the following to add the ferm rules to PKI intermediate nodes: https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/c/operations/puppet/+/807502


This is work in progress. We should have a helper function in the helm charts common_templates that does this in a generic way. If you feel the need for a certificate right now, please drop a line to ServiceOps.

All deployers can request certificates from within the cluster by adding a Certificate object to their services helm chart, like:

apiVersion: cert-manager.io/v1
kind: Certificate
  name: testcert
  secretName: testcert-tls-certificate
    - testcert.discovery.wmnet
    - testcert.svc.codfw.wmnet
    - testcert.svc.eqiad.wmnet
    name: discovery
    group: cfssl-issuer.wikimedia.org
    kind: ClusterIssuer

spec.issuerRef references the CFSSL Issuer to use, so it should not be changed in general.

The Certificate object will be validated via a webhook and, if valid, trigger cert-manager flow. [1] cert-manager now creates a CertificateRequest object containing a CRT which is then signed via the cfssl-issuer / PKI and ultimately ends in a kubernetes.io/tls Secret with the name testcert-tls-certificate being created in the same namespace as the Certificate object.

The Secret object contains the data fields tls.crt and tls.key which can be used in Pods like described in https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/#using-secrets-as-files-from-a-pod


The Istio-Ingressgateway requires TLS certificates to be created in it's Kubernetes namespace (istio-system). As deployers don't have access to this namespace, certificate objects will be automatically added during namespace creation by helmfile.d/admin_ng/helmfile_namespace_certs.yaml if namespace_certificates is enabled for a cluster in helmfile.d/admin_ng/helmfile.yaml.


A Grafana dashboard can be found at: https://grafana.wikimedia.org/d/vo5tiJTnz/cert-manager

Building cfssl-issuer

To build a new cfssl-issuer, you need to add a new SemVer tag to it's repository, update the Dockerfile.template and changelog in the production-images repository and then build a new image using docker-pgk. The process is described in Kubernetes/Images#Production images

  1. https://cert-manager.io/docs/concepts/certificate/