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Incidents/2023-09-20 Elasticsearch unavailable

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document status: draft

Summary

Incident metadata (see Incident Scorecard)
Incident ID 2023-09-20 Elasticsearch unavailable Start 2023-09-20 14:02:00
Task T346945 End 2023-09-20 14:26:07
People paged 0 Responder count 6
Coordinators Guillaume Lederrey Affected metrics/SLOs Elasticsearch latency
Impact For the duration of the incident, on-wiki search was delayed or unavailable for a subset of end users.

On-wiki search for all wikis was delayed or unavailable for a subset of end users.

Timeline

14:00 UTC Primary datacenter switches from EQIAD to CODFW.

14:00 A portion of queries (up to 25% at peak) begin being rejected by the PoolCounter during the incident window; rejections will continue for the next half hour. The spike in rejections was caused by long request response times that were themselves worsened by the unexpected decline in cache hit rate from 71.6% to 55.5%

14:08 Alert "CirrusSearch codfw 95th percentile latency - more_like" fires

14:14 Hashar pings in #wikimedia-search. Dcausse, inflatador and pfischer begin troubleshooting.

14:26 Grafana shows extremely high load on elastic2044, inflatador bans this node from the cluster and latency begins to drop back to normal.

14:34 claime confirms impact has passed.

14:35 Poolcounter rejections are now at zero.

Detection

Was automated monitoring first to detect it? Or a human reporting an error?

Monitoring caught it, but not quickly enough for humans to prevent user-facing impact.

Copy the relevant alerts that fired in this section.

** PROBLEM alert - graphite1005/CirrusSearch codfw 95th percentile latency - more_like is CRITICAL (Grafana alert sent to IRC and Search Platform email list)

Did the appropriate alert(s) fire? Was the alert volume manageable? Did they point to the problem with as much accuracy as possible?

Yes to all questions.

Conclusions

What went well?

  • SREs were at a heightened state of awareness due to DC switchover, so impact was recognized immediately.
  • Mitigation was quick and easy (banning a single node). Incident resolved within ~30m, whether due to self-healing or due to the aforementioned node ban.

What went poorly?

  • We had expected all more_like queries to route to eqiad (corresponding to the non-primary mediawiki datacenter), but instead they routed to codfw. The underlying cause appears to be that the restbase requests were sent as POST rather than GET which forced routing to the primary datacenter (codfw) instead of the non-primary (eqiad).

Links to relevant documentation

Actionables

  • Determine what Elasticsearch-related steps are needed prior to a datacenter switchover.
  • Update documentation as mentioned in "Links to relevant documentation" section above.
  • Review https://phabricator.wikimedia.org/T285347 (suggestions for switchover improvements) and decide whether to implement.
  • phab:T347034 Update the RESTBase /related/{article} endpoint to make a GET request and not a POST in order to help having a CirrusSearch query cache warm in both DC when running multi-DC
  • Review current shard balance for busy wikis, particularly enwiki_content. In my haste to mitigate, I (inflatador) did not check the shards of the highly-loaded host. Dcausse theorized that two enwiki shards may have been on the same host, which is extremely expensive, particularly when more_like queries are involved. That would suggest that the problem was worsened by the DC switchover, but not directly caused by it.

Scorecard

Incident Engagement ScoreCard
Question Answer

(yes/no)

Notes
People Were the people responding to this incident sufficiently different than the previous five incidents? N/A
Were the people who responded prepared enough to respond effectively Y
Were fewer than five people paged? Y
Were pages routed to the correct sub-team(s)? Y
Were pages routed to online (business hours) engineers?  Answer “no” if engineers were paged after business hours. Y
Process Was the "Incident status" section atop the Google Doc kept up-to-date during the incident? N
Was a public wikimediastatus.net entry created? N
Is there a phabricator task for the incident? Y
Are the documented action items assigned? N
Is this incident sufficiently different from earlier incidents so as not to be a repeat occurrence? Y
Tooling To the best of your knowledge was the open task queue free of any tasks that would have prevented this incident? Answer “no” if there are

open tasks that would prevent this incident or make mitigation easier if implemented.

Y
Were the people responding able to communicate effectively during the incident with the existing tooling? Y
Did existing monitoring notify the initial responders? Y
Were the engineering tools that were to be used during the incident, available and in service? Y
Were the steps taken to mitigate guided by an existing runbook? N
Total score (count of all “yes” answers above) 10