When logging into a CAS-enabled website without an active SSO session you'll be redirected to the CAS login page (https://idp.wikimedia.org/login) The CAS service collects LDAP group memberships and makes them available to services for making authorisation choices. After authentication the users get redirected to the initiating service.
The authentication happens with your Wikimedia Developer Account name and the respective password. There's also the possibility of adding a second factor using U2F, see below how to enable it.
Instructions for using SSO can be found at Single Sign On.
If you select "Remember Me" during, a long term session is initiated. It lasts for seven days (or until you logout via https://idp.wikimedia.org/logout). This option must only be enabled when working from a machine that only you use. If that's not the case and "Remember Me" is not used, your SSO session will expire after one hour of inactivity.
The current SSO setup is targeted at SRE staff. This is to collect more feedback and address pain points before a wider rollout and also because there might still be disruptive changes which we don't want to impose on less technical users. That's why a number of services with a significant amount of non-SRE users are currently only enabled via a separate Apache site (to not interfere with users authenticating against plain LDAP).
The source code is in the operations/software/cas-overlay-template repository.
The service runs mainly on the
idp1001 (Eqiad) and
idp2001 (Codfw) hosts.
Enabling U2F as a second factor
Apereo CAS supports U2F as a second factor. This is configured on a per-user opt in basis and configured via LDAP. Supported browsers are Chrome/Chromium, Firefox (ESR68 and later, ESR60 had some issues in tests, but it's EOLed anyway now) and Safari (13 and later).
All Yubikeys issued by OIT should be compatible. Onlykeys were also reported to work (https://phabricator.wikimedia.org/T242438)
Requesting to enable U2F (if you're not in SRE)
Mid-term, enabling U2F for web SSO will be part of our account management. Until then, please open a task in Phabricator and apply the LDAP-Access-Requests tag. Your SSO account will be U2F-enabled by the SRE person currently on Clinic Duty.
Enabling U2F for an account
To enable U2F as a second factor, run the following on either mwmaint1002.eqiad.wmnet or mwmaint2002.codfw.wmnet:
sudo modify-mfa --enable UID
To disable U2F, use
sudo modify-mfa --disable UID
Note that CAS operates on the readonly LDAP replicas, so it might take up to two minutes minutes until the LDAP change is effective. To verify the change actually took place:
ldapsearch -x 'uid=UID' | grep mfa-method
UID is the shell username here (as that's what identifies your identity on the LDAP level, not the Wikimedia Developer Name). Once it's enabled, the next time you login to the SSO session, you will be asked to register your U2F token. This registration screen is disabled after you have entered your username and password. Subsequent logins will require you authenticate via the U2F token in a similar manner i.e enter username and password then get forwarded to a screen to authenticate with your U2F tokens.
Mid-term we'll have a proper identity management solution which will make registration on the shell obsolete.
In the current version CAS only supports a single token. If you lose your token it needs to be removed from configuration at which point a replacement token can be added.
Known issues / FAQ
- We don't implement full Single Logout yet, will be handled via https://phabricator.wikimedia.org/T233941
What username do services use
When user logs into a CAS protected service a number of attributes are used to authenticate the user to the original services. The main attributes which are used for this are as follows, mapped directly to a users ldap entry:
The memberOf attribute is the one most often used for authorisation as such if a user can login to https://idp.wikimedia.org and they are in the correct ldap group for a specific services then they should be able to login with no issue.
Some services will create local accounts for every user and to do this then need to use a unique attribute representing the user. AFAIK the majority of users use the uid attribute for this but some definitely do use the CN as such if theses are different for your account you may notice difference when switching between services, however one shouldn't suffer any issues
One of the areas where we do have issues though is for service expect to use the REMOTE_USER environment variable for authentication, specifically icinga. In this case we have a strange combinations of issues.
- Our ldap instance is configured to compare CN's in a case insensitive manner
- CAS passes the username as entered by the user as an additional value namely cas_user
- mod_auth_cas maps the cas_user attribute to REMOTE_USER
The combination of theses things means that we can see strange issues when logging into services that key of the REMOTE_USER if users login using mixed or unexpected case's. Currently the only service affected by this is icinga
The first thing to get a user to do is to try and login to https://idp.wikimedia.org directly and ensure they can loging and that the attributes shown for the user looks correct. Further to this you can ask the user to visit https://idp-test-login.wmcloud.org/ and ensure they out put there looks correct
mod_auth Apache stores session information in
/var/cache/apache2/mod_auth_cas/$vhost. As such if an application is protected using mod_auth_cas you should be able to check the user sessions with something like the following
$ sudo grep -lr jbond /var/cache/apache2/mod_auth_cas/ /var/cache/apache2/mod_auth_cas/grafana-rw.wikimedia.org/***REDATED*** $ sudo cat $(!!) sudo cat $(sudo grep -lr jbond /var/cache/apache2/mod_auth_cas/) <cacheEntry xmlns="http://uconn.edu/cas/mod_auth_cas"> <user>jbond</user> <issued>1642085590748873</issued> <lastactive>1642085603972189</lastactive> <path>/d/C0lCOf3Mz/</path> <ticket>***REDACTED***</ticket> <attributes> <attribute name="org.apereo.cas.authentication.principal.REMEMBER_ME"> <value>true</value> </attribute> <attribute name="clientIpAddress"> <value>192.0.2.42</value> </attribute> <attribute name="sshPublicKey"> <value>ssh-ed25519 AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAIELDJGi+7kchVkEJNgqGvLOT2UOS4CP5HUSUBdyATdfc jbond@work-laptop</value> </attribute> <attribute name="isFromNewLogin"> <value>false</value> </attribute> <attribute name="mail"> <value>firstname.lastname@example.org</value> </attribute> <attribute name="authenticationDate"> <value>2022-01-10T14:55:50.941850Z</value> </attribute> <attribute name="bypassMultifactorAuthentication"> <value>false</value> </attribute> <attribute name="authnContextClass"> <value>mfa-u2f</value> </attribute> <attribute name="successfulAuthenticationHandlers"> <value>U2FAuthenticationHandler</value> </attribute> <attribute name="userAgent"> <value>Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/78.0</value> </attribute> <attribute name="cn"> <value>Jbond</value> </attribute> <attribute name="credentialType"> <value>U2FTokenCredential</value> </attribute> <attribute name="samlAuthenticationStatementAuthMethod"> <value>urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:am:unspecified</value> </attribute> <attribute name="uid"> <value>jbond</value> </attribute> <attribute name="authenticationMethod"> <value>U2FAuthenticationHandler</value> </attribute> <attribute name="serverIpAddress"> <value>127.0.0.1</value> </attribute> <attribute name="longTermAuthenticationRequestTokenUsed"> <value>false</value> </attribute> <attribute name="memberOf"> <!-- trimmed --> <value>cn=wmf,ou=groups,dc=wikimedia,dc=org</value> <!-- trimmed --> </attribute> <attribute name="mfa-method"> <value>mfa-u2f</value> </attribute> </attributes> </cacheEntry>